The Dobermannpinscher (originally one word) was named after its creator, Louis Dobermann, some five years after his death. Originally the dogs he bred were known as Thurlinger Pinschers or Polizellich Soldatenhund. Louis set about breeding the perfect guard dog to protect him in his varied and risky jobs.
No one can be one hundred percent sure what breeds Herr Dobermann used in his endeavour to breed his loyal, intelligent and fierce guard dogs but it is thought that the old German Pinscher and old smooth coated, bob tailed German Shepherd dog were the initial mix. Louis and friends bred these dogs in Apolda, a community of dog lovers and breeders where there was a regular dog market. His dogs were in demand and achieved good prices. Herr Dobermann’s numerous jobs included being the municipal knacker man (a cheap source of food), local dog warden or dog catcher and the official tax collector who needed the protection of a loyal guard dog. At night time he was also a police officer and night watchman.
Attending the local dog market and having the resources of the dog pound gave Louis the opportunity to breed his ideal dog. As well as guarding, these dogs were used for driving cattle and for guarding against robbers on the drovers trail.
After the death of Herr Dobermann death an admirer of the breed, Herr Otto Goller, sought to improve the Dobermann’s temperament. He appreciated the exceptional intelligence of these dogs but also knew they were generally too fierce – and so he set about breeding a more friendly animal. He was so successful that he produced a good house / guard dog and it became one of the most popular dogs in Germany. Herr Goller founded the first Dobermannpinscher club in Apolda in 1910.
Some other breeds that are believed to have influenced the present day Dobermann are: old German Pointers, the Weimaraner, the Visla Pointer, the French Beauceron and the Blue Great Dane, the Blue
German Mastiff, the English Greyhound and even a Gordon Setter.
By 1900 the breed was recognised by the German Kennel Club and shortly after that the breed began to appear in the UK and USA. In 1949 the word pinscher which means terrier was dropped and today in the UK the dog is now just known as the Dobermann. There is a huge amount of history around these dogs and their near demise after the Second World War and their introduction into Great Britain, their export world wide and the showing scene. The vision for this beautiful athletic, intelligent dog however lies with Herr Louis Dobermann who is one of a select few having a dog named after him.
Information About The Breed Today: Typical Character Traits
Dobermanns should be energetic, watchful, determined, alert, fearless, affectionate, obedient and loyal. Dobermanns are best suited to being in a home with plenty of room and need moderate exercise, mental stimulation and human companionship. With their natural intelligence they are easily trained and, contrary to popular belief, good with children unless subjected to teasing as a pup or lack of proper socialisation. Dobermanns quickly bond with the whole family when correctly brought up.
You can find a detailed description of the Doberman breed on the – Scottish Dobermann Club Website – together with much more information.